Abrupt Bølling warming and ice saddle collapse contributions to the Meltwater Pulse 1a rapid sea level rise

Lauren J Gregoire*, Bette Otto-Bliesner, Paul J Valdes, Ruza F Ivanovic

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)
291 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Elucidating the source(s) of Meltwater Pulse 1a, the largest rapid sea level rise caused by ice melt (14–18 m in less than 340 years, 14,600 years ago), is important for understanding mechanisms of rapid ice melt and the links with abrupt climate change. Here we quantify how much and by what mechanisms the North American ice sheet could have contributed to Meltwater Pulse 1a, by driving an ice sheet model with two transient climate simulations of the last 21,000 years. Ice sheet perturbed physics ensembles were run to account for model uncertainties, constraining ice extent and volume with reconstructions of 21,000 years ago to present. We determine that the North American ice sheet produced 3–4 m global mean sea level rise in 340 years due to the abrupt Bølling warming, but this response is amplified to 5–6 m when it triggers the ice sheet saddle collapse.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9130-9137
Number of pages8
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume43
Issue number17
Early online date14 Sep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • abrupt warming
  • Bølling
  • Meltwater Pulse 1a
  • North American ice sheet
  • sea level rise

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