Accounting for the Effect of Ground Delay on Commercial Formation Flight

Tom E Kent, Arthur G Richards

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference Paperpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores the impact ground delay can have on designing and executing rendezvous operations such as formation flight. For a given formation pairing the route is fixed, speed policies are then generated to compensate for uncertainty in take-off times. Value Iteration is used to solve both the deterministic and stochastic Dynamic Programming problem for an entire state-space. The final optimal policies determine what course of action aircraft should take for any realization of delay. Finally a comparative case study shows that even with delay, formation flights can reach expected savings of 6.1% against flying solo.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 2014
Event2014 UKACC International Conference on Control - Loughborough, United Kingdom
Duration: 9 Jul 201411 Jul 2014


Conference2014 UKACC International Conference on Control
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


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