Restoration of hip biomechanics is a crucial component of successful total hip replacement. Preoperative templating is recommended to ensure that the size and orientation of implants is optimised. We studied how closely natural femoral offset could be reproduced using the manufacturers' templates for 10 femoral stems in common use in the UK. A series of 23 consecutive preoperative radiographs from patients who had undergone unilateral total hip replacement for unilateral osteoarthritis of the hip was employed. The change in offset between the templated position of the best-fitting template and the anatomical centre of the hip was measured. The templates were then ranked according to their ability to reproduce the normal anatomical offset. The most accurate was the CPS-Plus (Root Mean Square Error 2.0 mm) followed in rank order by: C stem (2.16), CPT (2.40), Exeter (3.23), Stanmore (3.28), Charnley (3.65), Corail (3.72), ABG II (4.30), Furlong HAC (5.08) and Furlong modular (7.14). A similar pattern of results was achieved when the standard error of variability of offset was analysed. We observed a wide variation in the ability of the femoral prosthesis templates to reproduce normal femoral offset. This variation was independent of the seniority of the observer. The templates of modern polished tapered stems with high modularity were best able to reproduce femoral offset. The current move towards digitisation of X-rays may offer manufacturers an opportunity to improve template designs in certain instances, and to develop appropriate computer software.
|Translated title of the contribution||Accuracy of femoral templating in reproducing anatomical femoral offset in total hip replacement|
|Pages (from-to)||155 - 159|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2007|
Bibliographical notePublisher: Milano, Italy: Wichtig Editore
Davies, H., Foote, J., & Spencer, RF. (2007). Accuracy of femoral templating in reproducing anatomical femoral offset in total hip replacement. Hip International, 17 (3), 155 - 159. http://www.hip-int.com/index.asp?a=abstract&id=8463B8EA-DA32-43AB-9EB5-AD47F72