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An experimental study of a simple NACA 0012 airfoil fitted with two different flap profiles was carried out to characterize their aerodynamic and aeroacoustic performance. The airfoil with a flap deflection angle of $\beta=10^\circ$ was tested for a wide range of angles of attack at a chord-based Reynolds number of $Re_c=2.6\times10^5$. The aerodynamic lift and drag measurements show improved lift-to-drag performance for the morphed flap airfoil compared to the hinged flap airfoil at low angles of attack. Surface flow visualization and boundary layer measurements on the suction surface of the flap show delayed separation for the morphed flap airfoil. Higher-order moments of the wall pressure fluctuations were also used to observe the flow separation over the flap. Additionally, Particle Image Velocimetry was also used to study the flow over the flap and at the airfoil wake. Flow measurements showed that the downstream wake development could be significantly influenced by the flap camber. The mean velocity contours at the wake showed increased wake velocity deficit and turbulent kinetic energy for the morphed flap airfoil. The turbulent kinetic energy results displayed a characteristic double peak behavior which was also the dominant characteristics of the streamwise Reynolds shear stress component. Near-field unsteady surface pressure fluctuations and far-field noise measurements show reduced point spectra and noise levels for morphed flap configuration at low angles of attack but considerably increased noise levels at high angles of attack compared to hinged flap configuration.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science|
|Early online date||8 Nov 2020|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2021|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.
- airfoil noise
- PIV MEASUREMENT