1. The presynaptic depressant action of L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (L-AP4) on the monosynaptic excitation of neonatal rat motoneurones has been differentiated from the similar effects produced by (1S,3R)-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylate ((1S,3R)-ACPD), (1S,3S)-ACPD and (2S,3S,4S)-alpha-(carboxycyclopropyl)glycine (L-CCG-I), and from the postsynaptic motoneuronal depolarization produced by (1S,3R)-ACPD, by the actions of two new antagonists, alpha-methyl-L-AP4 (MAP4) and alpha-methyl-L-CCG-I (MCCG). Such selectivity was not seen with a previously reported antagonist, (+)-alpha-methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine (MCPG). 2. MAP4 selectively and competitively antagonized the depression of monosynaptic excitation produced by L-AP4 (KD 22 microM). At ten fold higher concentrations, MAP4 also antagonized synaptic depression produced by L-CCG-I but in an apparently non-competitive manner. MAP4 was virtually without effect on depression produced by (1S,3R)- or (1S,3S)-ACPD. 3. MCCG differentially antagonized the presynaptic depression produced by the range of agonists used. This antagonist had minimal effect on L-AP4-induced depression. The antagonism of the synaptic depression effected by (1S,3S)-ACPD and L-CCG-I was apparently competitive in each case but of varying effectiveness, with apparent KD values for the interaction between MCCG and the receptors activated by the two depressants calculated as 103 and 259 microM, respectively. MCCG also antagonized the presynaptic depression produced by (1S,3R)-ACPD. 4. Neither MAP4 nor MCCG (200-500 microM) significantly affected motoneuronal depolarizations produced by (1S,3R)-ACPD. At the same concentrations the two antagonists produced only very weak and variable effects (slight antagonism or potentiation) on depolarizations produced by (S)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA).5. It is concluded that MAP4 is a potent and selective antagonist for those excitatory amino acid(EAA) receptors on neonatal rat primary afferent terminals that are preferentially activated by L-AP4,and that MCCG is a relatively selective antagonist for different presynaptic EAA receptors that are preferentially activated by (1S,3S)-ACPD and (perhaps less selectively) by L-CCG-I. These receptors probably comprise two sub-types of metabotropic glutamate receptors negatively linked to adenylyl cyclase activity.
|Translated title of the contribution||Actions of two new antagonists showing selectivity for different sub-types of metabotropic glutamate receptor in the neonatal rat spinal cord|
|Pages (from-to)||809 - 816|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||British Journal of Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1994|