Skip to content

Adapting to changes in volcanic behaviour: Formal and informal interactions for enhanced risk management at Tungurahua Volcano, Ecuador

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Maria Teresa Armijos
  • Jeremy Phillips
  • Emily Wilkinson
  • Jenni Barclay
  • Anna Hicks
  • Pablo Palacios
  • Patricia Mothes
  • Jonathan Stone
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-226
Number of pages10
JournalGlobal Environmental Change
Volume45
Early online date18 Jul 2017
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 13 Jul 2017
DateE-pub ahead of print - 18 Jul 2017
DatePublished (current) - Jul 2017

Abstract

Abstract This paper provides an example of how communities can adapt to extreme forms of environmental change and uncertainty over the longer term. We analyse the interactions between scientists, communities and risk managers and examine the interpretation and communication of uncertain scientific information during a long-lived volcanic eruption in Tungurahua, Ecuador. This is complemented with a detailed study of the eruptions of 2006 and 2014, which exemplifies the complexity of interactions during periods of heightened volcanic activity. Our study describes how a ‘shadow network’ has developed outside of, but in interaction with, the formal risk management institutions in Ecuador, improving decision-making in response to heightened volcanic activity. The findings suggest that the interactions have facilitated important adaptations in the scientific advisory response during eruptions (near-real-time interpretation of the volcanic hazards), in hazard communication, and in the evacuation processes. Improved communication between stakeholders and the establishment of thresholds for evacuations have created an effective voluntary evacuation system unique to Tungurahua, allowing people to continue to maintain their livelihoods during heightened volcanic activity and associated periods of uncertainty. Understanding how shadow networks act to minimise the negative consequences of volcanic activity provides valuable insights for increasing societal resilience to other types of hazards.

    Research areas

  • Adaptation, Natural hazards, Disaster risk management, Uncertainty, Shadow networks

Download statistics

No data available

Documents

Documents

  • Full-text PDF (final published version)

    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Elsevier at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.06.002 . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Final published version, 684 KB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY

DOI

View research connections

Related faculties, schools or groups