Adaptive control of nonlinear uncertain active suspension systems with prescribed performance

Yingbo Huang, Jing Na*, Xing Wu, Xiaoqin Liu, Yu Guo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

118 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes adaptive control designs for vehicle active suspension systems with unknown nonlinear dynamics (e.g.; nonlinear spring and piece-wise linear damper dynamics). An adaptive control is first proposed to stabilize the vertical vehicle displacement and thus to improve the ride comfort and to guarantee other suspension requirements (e.g.; road holding and suspension space limitation) concerning the vehicle safety and mechanical constraints. An augmented neural network is developed to online compensate for the unknown nonlinearities, and a novel adaptive law is developed to estimate both NN weights and uncertain model parameters (e.g.; sprung mass), where the parameter estimation error is used as a leakage term superimposed on the classical adaptations. To further improve the control performance and simplify the parameter tuning, a prescribed performance function (PPF) characterizing the error convergence rate, maximum overshoot and steady-state error is used to propose another adaptive control. The stability for the closed-loop system is proved and particular performance requirements are analyzed. Simulations are included to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed control schemes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-155
Number of pages11
JournalSAE Transactions
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Active suspension system
  • Adaptive control
  • Neural networks
  • Prescribed performance

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