Adaptive Observer-based parameter estimation with application to Road Gradient and Vehicle Mass Estimation

Muhammad Nasiruddin Mahyuddin, Jing Na, Guido Herrmann, Xuemei Ren, Phil Barber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)
398 Downloads (Pure)


A novel observer-based parameter estimation scheme with sliding mode term has been developed to estimate the road gradient and the vehicle weight using only the vehicle's velocity and the driving torque. The estimation algorithm exploits all known terms in the system dynamics and a low pass filtered representation of the dynamics to derive an explicit expression of the parameter estimation error without measuring the acceleration. The proposed parameter estimation scheme which features a sliding-mode term to ensure the fast and robust convergence of the estimation in the presence of persistent excitation is augmented to an adaptive observer and analyzed using Lyapunov Theory. The analytical results show that the algorithm is stable and ensures finite-time error convergence to a bounded error even in the presence of disturbances. In the absence of disturbances, convergence to the true values in finite time is guaranteed. A simple practical method for validating persistent excitation is provided using the new theoretical approach to estimation. This is validated by the practical implementation of the algorithm on a small-scaled vehicle, emulating a car system. The slope gradient as well as the vehicle's mass/weight are estimated online. The algorithm shows a significant improvement over previous results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2851-2863
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number6
Early online date2 Aug 2013
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2014


  • Adaptive Observers
  • Parameter Estimation
  • Road Vehicle Identification

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