Addition-insertion-elimination reactions of O(P-3) with halogenated iodoalkanes producing HF(v) and HCl(v)

TP Marcy*, JP Reid, CXW Qian, SR Leone

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Abstract

The reaction of CH2ICF3 and other fluorinated or chlorinated iodoalkanes with O(P-3), generated by microwave discharge of O-2 or 193 nm photolysis of SO2, produces vibrationally excited HF(v) or HCl(v), as observed by steady state or time-resolved Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) emission spectroscopy. This process occurs even in competition with possible pathways to form HOI or IO products. The proposed mechanism is an addition-insertion-elimination process. The nascent vibrational distribution of the HF(v) produced from O+CH2ICF3 is determined to be 0.58 +/-0.10, 0.29 +/-0.08, and 0.12 +/-0.03 for v=1, 2, and 3, respectively, with an upper bound of 0.04 from a few observed lines of v=4. The monotonically decreasing vibrational distribution suggests a reaction involving HF(v) elimination from an intermediate complex. There are a number of possible single or multistep kinetic pathways that could produce HF(v) under these conditions. To determine the predominant pathway that produces the observed HF(v), the dependence of the time-resolved HF(v) emission signal on reactant concentrations is measured and compared with kinetics simulations. The results suggest a single step mechanism involving initial O(P-3) attack on the iodine of the CH2ICF3, in a manner similar to the start of the reaction of O(P-3) with C2H5I that produces HOI. This is followed by insertion of the oxygen atom into the carbon-iodine bond of the CH2ICF3, producing an activated complex with sufficient energy to eliminate HF(v). (C) 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2251-2258
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume114
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2001

Keywords

  • GAS-PHASE REACTIONS
  • ALKYL IODIDES
  • AB-INITIO
  • DYNAMICS
  • ABSTRACTION
  • EMISSION
  • ATOMS
  • COEFFICIENTS
  • H2O
  • HF

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