Advanced medical interventions in pleural disease

Rahul Bhatnagar, John P. Corcoran*, Fabien Maldonado, David Feller-Kopman, Julius Janssen, Philippe Astoul, Najib M. Rahman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)
541 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The burden of a number of pleural diseases continues to increase internationally. Although many pleural procedures have historically been the domain of interventional radiologists or thoracic surgeons, in recent years, there has been a marked expansion in the techniques available to the pulmonologist. This has been due in part to both technological advancements and a greater recognition that pleural disease is an important subspecialty of respiratory medicine. This article summarises the important literature relating to a number of advanced pleural interventions, including medical thoracoscopy, the insertion and use of indwelling pleural catheters, pleural manometry, point-of-care thoracic ultrasound, and image-guided closed pleural biopsy. We also aim to inform the reader regarding the latest updates to more established procedures such as chemical pleurodesis, thoracentesis and the management of chest drains, drawing on contemporary data from recent randomised trials. Finally, we shall look to explore the challenges faced by those practicing pleural medicine, especially relating to training, as well as possible future directions for the use and expansion of advanced medical interventions in pleural disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-213
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Respiratory Review
Volume25
Issue number140
Early online date31 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

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