Aeroelastic Scaling of a High-Aspect-Ratio Wing Incorporating a Semi-Aeroelastic Hinge

Huaiyuan Gu*, Fintan J Healy, Lucian Constantin, Djamel Rezgui, Mark H Lowenberg , Jonathan E Cooper, Thomas Wilson, Andrea Castrichini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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There has been a growing interest in utilizing flared folding wingtips as an in-flight load alleviation device to enable increased wing spans that meet airport gate limits but with little increase in wing weight. The semi-aeroelastic hinge (SAH) concept is implemented in high-aspect-ratio wings to enable wingtips to be released during severe load cases such as maneuvers and gusts to alleviate the bending moments while maintaining optimum aerodynamic shape for the rest of the flight. In this paper, scaling methods for wings incorporating the SAH are explored, allowing for the development of equivalent scaled unmanned aerial vehicles or wind tunnel models with similar aeroelastic behavior as full-size aircraft. Three scaling approaches are considered in this study, namely, Iso-Froude, Iso-Frequency, and Iso-Strain, where a set of governing nondimensional quantities and scaling factors are determined. Despite the significant nonlinearities resulting from large wingtip fold angles, it is shown that a linear scaling approach can be appropriate for such a wing configuration. Furthermore, the aeroelastic properties of each scaled model are compared to those of the full-scale model, where the best match was obtained from the Iso-Strain model, although it is challenging to meet the required operational conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalAIAA Journal
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2024

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