Aerosol Synthesis of N and N-S Doped and Crumpled Graphene Nanostructures

Francesco Carraro*, Mattia Cattelan, Marco Favaro, Laura Calvillo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
275 Downloads (Pure)


Chemically modified graphene-based materials (CMG) are currently attracting a vast interest in their application in different fields. In particular, heteroatom-doped graphenes have revealed great potentialities in the field of electrocatalysis as substitutes of fuel cell noble metal-based catalysts. In this work, we investigate an innovative process for doping graphene nanostructures. We optimize a novel synthetic route based on aerosol preparation, which allows the simultaneous doping, crumpling, and reduction of graphene oxide (GO). Starting from aqueous solutions containing GO and the dopant precursors, we synthesize N-and N,S-dual-doped 3D graphene nanostructures (N-cGO and N,S-cGO). In the aerosol process, every aerosol droplet can be considered as a microreactor where dopant precursors undergo thermal decomposition and react with the GO flakes. Simultaneously, thanks to the relatively high temperature, GO undergoes crumpling and partial reduction. Using a combination of spectroscopic and microscopic characterization techniques, we investigate the morphology of the obtained materials and the chemical nature of the dopants within the crumpled graphene sheets. This study highlights the versatility of the aerosol process for the design of new CMG materials with tailored electrocatalytic properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number406
Number of pages13
Issue number6
Early online date6 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018


  • Aerosol synthesis
  • Chemically modified graphene
  • Crumpled graphene
  • Dual doping
  • Graphene
  • Nitrogen doping
  • Sulfur doping


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