Age-related changes in renal expression of oxidant and antioxidant enzymes and oxidative stress markers in male SHR and WKY rats

Sónia Simão, Pedro Gomes, Vanda Pinto, Elisabete Silva, João S Amaral, Bruno Igreja, Joana Afonso, Maria Paula Serrão, Maria João Pinho, Patrício Soares-da-Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxidative stress has been hypothesized to play a role in aging and age-related disorders, such as hypertension. This study compared levels of oxidative stress and renal expression of oxidant and antioxidant enzymes in male normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) at different ages (3 and 12 months). In the renal cortex of 3-month old SHR increases in hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) were accompanied by augmented expression of NADPH oxidase subunit Nox4 and decreased expression of antioxidant enzymes SOD1 and SOD3. A further increase in renal H(2)O(2) production and urinary TBARS was observed in 12-month old WKY and SHR as compared with 3-month old rats. Similarly, expressions of NADPH oxidase subunit p22(phox), SOD2 and SOD3 were markedly elevated with age in both strains. When compared with age-matched WKY, catalase expression was increased in 3-month old SHR, but unchanged in 12-month old SHR. Body weight increased with aging in both rat strains, but this increase was more pronounced in WKY. In conclusion, renal oxidative stress in 12-month old SHR is an exaggeration of the process already observed in the 3-month old SHR, whereas the occurrence of obesity in 12-month old normotensive rats may partially be responsible for the age-related increase in oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-74
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Gerontology
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants
  • Blood Pressure
  • Body Weight
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Hypertension
  • Kidney
  • Male
  • Oxidants
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred SHR
  • Rats, Inbred WKY
  • Superoxide Dismutase

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