Aging increases oxidative stress and renal expression of oxidant and antioxidant enzymes that are associated with an increased trend in systolic blood pressure

Pedro Gomes, Sónia Simão, Elisabete Silva, Vanda Pinto, João S Amaral, Joana Afonso, Maria Paula Serrão, Maria João Pinho, Patrício Soares-da-Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate whether the effects of aging on oxidative stress markers and expression of major oxidant and antioxidant enzymes associate with impairment of renal function and increases in blood pressure. To explore this, we determined age-associated changes in lipid peroxidation (urinary malondialdehyde), plasma and urinary hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) levels, as well as renal H(2)O(2) production, and the expression of oxidant and antioxidant enzymes in young (13 weeks) and old (52 weeks) male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. Urinary lipid peroxidation levels and H(2)O(2) production by the renal cortex and medulla of old rats were higher than their young counterparts. This was accompanied by overexpression of NADPH oxidase components Nox4 and p22(phox) in the renal cortex of old rats. Similarly, expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD) isoforms 2 and 3 and catalase were increased in the renal cortex from old rats. Renal function parameters (creatinine clearance and fractional excretion of sodium), diastolic blood pressure and heart rate were not affected by aging, although slight increases in systolic blood pressure were observed during this 52-week period. It is concluded that overexpression of renal Nox4 and p22(phox) and the increases in renal H(2)O(2) levels in aged WKY does not associate with renal functional impairment or marked increases in blood pressure. It is hypothesized that lack of oxidative stress-associated effects in aged WKY rats may result from increases in antioxidant defenses that counteract the damaging effects of H(2)O(2).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-45
Number of pages8
JournalOxidative medicine and cellular longevity
Volume2
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Antioxidants
  • Blood Pressure
  • Catalase
  • Heart Rate
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Kidney Cortex
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Male
  • NADPH Oxidase
  • Oxidants
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred WKY
  • Superoxide Dismutase

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