All-cause mortality and major cardiovascular outcomes comparing percutaneous coronary angioplasty versus coronary artery bypass grafting in the treatment of unprotected left main stenosis: A meta-analysis of short- and long-term randomised trials

Setor Kunutsor, Jari A Laukkanen, Matti Niemelä,, Leif Thuesen,, Timo H. Mäkikallio

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Abstract

Objective We compared percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for the treatment of left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Methods Randomised controlled trials of PCI versus CABG in patients with LMCA stenosis were identified from MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, and search of bibliographies to November 2016. Study specific hazard ratios with 95% CIs were aggregated for all-cause mortality, major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and other cardiovascular events at time-points of 30 days, 1 year, and 3 years and beyond. Results Six RCTs comprising 4,700 patients were included. There were no significant differences in risk of all-cause mortality in pooled analysis of relevant trials at 30 days (0.61, 95% CI: 0.27-1.36), 1 year (0.66, 95% CI: 0.42-1.04), and 3 years and beyond (1.04, 95% CI: 0.81-1.33), comparing PCI with CABG. There was no significant difference in the risk of MACCE at 30 days (0.72, 95% CI: 0.51-1.03) and 1 year (1.16, 95% CI: 0.94-1.44); however, PCI was associated with a higher risk of MACCE compared with CABG during longer term follow-up (1.27, 95% CI: 1.12-1.44). Composite outcome of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction was lower with PCI at 30 days (0.67, 95% CI: 0.49-0.92). Repeat revascularization was increased at 1 year and at 3 years and beyond for PCI. Conclusions All-cause mortality rates are not significantly different between PCI and CABG at shortand long-term follow-up. However, PCI is associated with a reduction in the risk of major cardiovascular outcomes at short-term follow-up in LMCA stenosis patients; but at long term, MACCE rate is increased for PCI.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere000638
Number of pages10
JournalOpen Heart
Volume4
Issue number2
Early online date10 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • coronary artery bypass grafting,
  • left main coronary artery stenosis
  • meta-analysis

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