All-optical 3R burst-mode reception at 40 Gb/s using four integrated MZI switches

George T. Kanellos*, Dimitris Petrantonakis, Dimitris Tsiokos, Paraskevas Bakopoulos, Panagiotis Zakynthinos, Nikos Pleros, Dimitris Apostolopoulos, Graeme Maxwell, Alistair Poustie, Hercules Avramopoulos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate an all-optical retime, reshape, reamplify (3R) burst-mode receiver (BMR) operating error-free with a 40-Gb/s variable-length asynchronous optical data packets that exhibit up to 9-dB packet-to-packet power variation. The circuit is completely based upon hybrid integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometric (MZI) switches as it employs four cascaded MZIs, each one performing a different functionality. The 3R burst-mode reception is achieved with the combination of two discrete all-optical subsystems. A reshape, reamplify BMR employing a single MZI is used first to perform power equalization of the incoming bursts and provide error-free data reception. This novel approach is experimentally demonstrated to operate error-free, even for a 9-dB dynamic range of power variation between bursty data packets and for a wide range of average input power. The obtained power-equalized data packets are then fed into a 3R regenerator to improve the signal quality by reducing the phase and amplitude jitter of the incoming data. This packet-mode 3R regenerator employs three MZIs that perform wavelength conversion, clock extraction, and data regeneration for every packet separately and operates at 40 Gb/s, exhibiting rms timing jitter reduction from 4 ps at the input to 1 ps at the output and a power penalty improvement of 2.5 dB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-192
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007


  • Burst-mode receiver (BMR)
  • Dynamic range
  • Integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI)
  • Optical burst switching
  • Optical packet switching
  • Optical signal processing


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