ALMA observations of Lyman-α Blob 1: halo sub-structure illuminated from within

J. E. Geach, D. Narayanan, Y. Matsuda, M. Hayes, Ll Mas-Ribas, M. Dijkstra, C. C. Steidel, S. C. Chapman, R. Feldmann, A. Avison, O. Agertz, Y. Ao, M. Birkinshaw, M. N. Bremer, D. L. Clements, H. Dannerbauer, D. Farrah, C. M. Harrison, M. Kubo, M. J. MichałowskiDouglas Scott, D. J B Smith, M. Spaans, J. M. Simpson, A. M. Swinbank, Y. Taniguchi, P. Van Der Werf, A. Verma, T. Yamada

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Abstract

We present new Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) 850um continuum observations of the original Lyman-α Blob (LAB) in the SSA22 field at z=3.1 (SSA22-LAB01). The ALMA map resolves the previously identified submillimeter source into three components with total flux density S850 = 1.68+/-0.06 mJy, corresponding to a star formation rate of ~150 Myr-1. The submillimeter sources are associated with several faint (m≈27 mag) rest-frame ultraviolet sources identified in Hubble Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) clear filter imaging (λ≈5850Å). One of these companions is spectroscopically confirmed with Keck MOSFIRE to lie within 20 projected kpc and 250 kms-1 of one of the ALMA components. We postulate that some of these STIS sources represent a population of low-mass star-forming satellites surrounding the central submillimeter sources, potentially contributing to their growth and activity through accretion. Using a high resolution cosmological zoom simulation of a 1013M halo at z=3, including stellar, dust and Lyα radiative transfer, we can model the ALMA+STIS observations and demonstrate that Lyα photons escaping from the central submillimeter sources are expected to resonantly scatter in neutral hydrogen, the majority of which is predicted to be associated with halo substructure. We show how this process gives rise to extended Lyα emission with similar surface brightness and morphology to observed giant LABs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number37
Number of pages7
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume832
Issue number1
Early online date8 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • astro-ph.GA
  • astro-ph.CO
  • galaxies
  • evolution – galaxies
  • high-redshift – galaxies
  • halos

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