A 66-year-old man with a diagnosis of monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance was referred for investigation of bilateral transudative pleural effusions by the cardiology team. Echocardiography, myocardial perfusion scanning and left heart catheterisation were all normal or non diagnostic. Given significant occupational asbestos exposure in his twenties he underwent thoracoscopic pleural biopsy. This showed fibrous inflammation only. He subsequently developed proteinuria and peripheral oedema. Reanalysis of the pleural biopsy specimen for amyloidosis was positive. Pleural disease is an uncommon presentation of systemic amyloidosis. The aetiology of the pleural effusions is unclear and is not simply a consequence of cardiac or renal impairment.