An analysis of 30-day mortality after weekend versus weekday elective joint arthroplasty in England and Wales

Linda Hunt, Ashley Blom, J.M. Wilkinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
155 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Aims
To investigate whether elective joint arthroplasty performed at the weekend is associated with a different 30-day mortality versus that performed between Monday and Friday.

Patients and Methods
We examined the 30-day cumulative mortality rate (Kaplan-Meier) for all elective hip and knee arthroplasties performed in England and Wales between 1st April 2003 and 31st December 2014, comprising 118 096 episodes undertaken at the weekend and 1 233 882 episodes performed on a weekday. We used Cox proportional-hazards regression models to assess for time-dependent variation and adjusted for identified risk factors for mortality.

Results
The cumulative 30-day mortality for hip arthroplasty was 0.15% (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.12 to 0.19) for patients operated on at the weekend versus 0.20% (95% CI 0.19 to 0.21) for patients undergoing surgery during the normal working week. For knee arthroplasty, the cumulative 30-day mortality was 0.14% (95% CI 0.11 to 0.17) for weekend-operated patients versus 0.18% (95% CI 0.17 to 0.19) for weekday-operated patients. These differences were independent of any differences in patient age, gender, American Society of Anaesthesiologists grade, surgeon seniority, surgical and anaesthetic practices, and thromboprophylaxis choice in weekend versus weekday-operated patients.

Conclusion
The 30-day mortality rate after elective joint arthroplasty is low. Surgery performed at the weekend is associated with lower post-operative mortality versus operations performed on a weekday.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalBone and Joint Journal
Volume99-B
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

Structured keywords

  • Centre for Surgical Research

Keywords

  • Weekend
  • Mortality
  • Knee
  • Hip
  • Joint arthroplasty

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