An EXAFS spectroscopic study of aqueous antimony(III)-chloride complexation at temperatures from 25 to 250 degrees C

EH Oelkers*, DM Sherman, KV Ragnarsdottir, C Collins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

The X-ray adsorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy of antimony(III)-chloride solutions were obtained at temperatures from 25 to 250 degrees C at pressures corresponding to the liquid-vapor equilibrium curve for H2O. Two solution compositions were considered: solution A consisted of 0.042 M SbCl3 + 2.9 M HCl and solution B consisted of 0.1 M SbCl3 + 2.29 M HCl. Interpretation of resulting spectra indicates the presence of aqueous Sb-CI inner sphere complexes at all investigated temperatures. The average number of chlorine ions in these complexes increases with increasing temperature over the range 25 to 250 degrees C from similar to 3.0 to similar to 3.4 and from similar to 2.6 to similar to 2.9 for solutions A and B, respectively. These results also indicate an increasing average number of chloride ions per complex with increasing aqueous chloride concentration. The Sb-Cl interatomic distances for the two solutions are approximately equal and decrease from 2.42 to 2.38 Angstrom with increasing temperature over this range. This latter observation is consistent with theoretical models of aqueous complexation that predict decreasing aqueous species electrostatic radii with increasing temperature. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-27
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Geology
Volume151
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 1998
EventEuropean Research Conference on the Geochemistry of Crustal Fluids - SEEFELD, Austria
Duration: 6 Dec 199611 Dec 1996

Keywords

  • antimony(III)-chloride solutions
  • X-ray adsorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy
  • aqueous complexation
  • hydrothermal solutions
  • PARTIAL MOLAL PROPERTIES
  • CURVED-WAVE THEORY
  • X-RAY-ABSORPTION
  • HYDROTHERMAL SOLUTIONS
  • SULFIDE SOLUTIONS
  • HIGH-PRESSURES
  • 350-DEGREES-C
  • ENVIRONMENT
  • SOLUBILITY
  • SPECIATION

Cite this