A series of dynamic slip tests on a concrete gravity dam model was conducted on a shaking table. The aim of the experiments was to investigate the dynamically induced sliding and overturning characteristics of a typical low height gravity dam monolith cracked at its base. Tests indicated that downstream sliding is the main instability that could be expected during an earthquake. Dynamic, finite element analyses of the experimental model, using a Lagrangian contact surface algorithm, were also performed. A comparison of the experimental and analytical responses indicated that the seismically induced slip can be predicted reasonably by such a contact surface algorithm implemented in a standard finite element package. A comparison of observed displacements with Newmarks sliding block displacements indicated that a conservative estimate of seismic induced slip of a gravity dam could be obtained by using Newmarks sliding block concept, generally adopted for earth dams and embankments.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1996|
- Gravity dams
- Shaking table