An Isolated Complex of Ethyne and Gold Iodide Characterized by Broadband Rotational Spectroscopy and Ab initio Calculations

John C. Mullaney, Susanna L. Stephens, Daniel P. Zaleski, Matthew J. Sprawling, David P. Tew, Nicholas R. Walker*, Anthony C. Legon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A molecular complex of C2H2 and AuI has been generated and isolated in the gas phase through laser ablation of a gold surface in the presence of an expanding sample containing small percentages of C2H2 and CF3I in a buffer gas of argon. Rotational, B0, centrifugal distortion, ΔJ and ΔJK, and nuclear quadrupole coupling constants, Ξaa(Au), Ξbb(Au) - Ξcc(Au), Ξaa(I), and Ξbb(I) - Ξcc(I), are measured for three isotopologues of C2H2···AuI through broadband rotational spectroscopy. The complex is C2v and T-shaped with C2H2 coordinating to the gold atom via donation of electrons from the π-orbitals of ethyne. On formation of the complex, the C≡C bond of ethyne extends by 0.032(4) Å relative to r(C≡C) in isolated ethyne when the respective r0 geometries are compared. The geometry of ethyne distorts such that (∗-C-H) (where ∗ indicates the midpoint of the C≡C bond) is 194.7(12)° in the r0 geometry of C2H2···AuI. Ab initio calculations at the CCSD(T)(F12∗)/AVTZ level are consistent with the experimentally determined geometry and further allow calculation of the dissociation energy (De) as 136 kJ mol-1. The Ξaa(Au) and Ξaa(I) nuclear quadrupole coupling constants of AuI and also the Au-I bond length change significantly on formation of the complex consistent with the strong interaction calculated to occur between C2H2 and AuI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9636-9643
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume119
Issue number37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sep 2015

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