An Open Label Pilot Study of a Brief Psychosocial Intervention for Disaster and Trauma Survivors

Meaghan Louise O'Donnell, Winnie Lau, Julia Fredrickson, Kari Gibson, Richard Allan Bryant, Jonathan Bisson, Susie Burke, Walter Busuttil, Andrew Coghlan, Mark Creamer, Debbie Gray, Neil Greenberg, Brett McDermott, Alexander C McFarlane, Candice M Monson, Andrea Phelps, Josef I Ruzek, Paula P Schnurr, Janette Ugsang, Patricia WatsonShona Whitton, Richard Williams, Sean Cowlishaw, David Forbes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Abstract

Background: In the aftermath of disaster, a large proportion of people will develop psychosocial difficulties that impair recovery, but for which presentations do not meet threshold criteria for disorder. Although these adjustment problems can cause high distress and impairment, and often have a trajectory towards mental health disorder, few evidence-based interventions are available to facilitate recovery.

Objective: This paper describes the development and pilot testing of an internationally developed, brief, and scalable psychosocial intervention that targets distress and poor adjustment following disaster and trauma.

Method: The Skills fOr Life Adjustment and Resilience (SOLAR) program was developed by an international collaboration of trauma and disaster mental health experts through an iterative expert consensus process. The resulting five session, skills-based intervention, deliverable by community-based or frontline health or disaster workers with little or no formal mental health training (known as coaches), was piloted with 15 Australian bushfire survivors using a pre-post with follow up, mixed-methods design study.

Results: Findings from this pilot demonstrated that the SOLAR program was safe and feasible for non-mental health frontline workers (coaches) to deliver locally after two days of training. Participants' attendance rates and feedback about the program indicated that the program was acceptable. Pre-post quantitative analysis demonstrated reductions in psychological distress, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and impairment.

Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence that the delivery of the SOLAR program after disaster by trained, frontline workers with little or no mental health experience is feasible, acceptable, safe, and beneficial in reducing psychological symptoms and impairment among disaster survivors. Randomized controlled trials of the SOLAR program are required to advance evidence of its efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2020 O'Donnell, Lau, Fredrickson, Gibson, Bryant, Bisson, Burke, Busuttil, Coghlan, Creamer, Gray, Greenberg, McDermott, McFarlane, Monson, Phelps, Ruzek, Schnurr, Ugsang, Watson, Whitton, Williams, Cowlishaw and Forbes.

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  • Cite this

    O'Donnell, M. L., Lau, W., Fredrickson, J., Gibson, K., Bryant, R. A., Bisson, J., Burke, S., Busuttil, W., Coghlan, A., Creamer, M., Gray, D., Greenberg, N., McDermott, B., McFarlane, A. C., Monson, C. M., Phelps, A., Ruzek, J. I., Schnurr, P. P., Ugsang, J., ... Forbes, D. (2020). An Open Label Pilot Study of a Brief Psychosocial Intervention for Disaster and Trauma Survivors. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 483. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00483