Analytical modelling, design and performance evaluation of chatter-free milling cutter with alternating pitch variations

Jiawei Mei, Ming Luo, Jianglong Guo, Haonan Li, Dinghua Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

1 Citation (Scopus)
278 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Machining efficiency could be increased and chatter vibrations could be suppressed by employing irregular pitch angles onto milling cutters. Applying variable pitch cutters could improve machining stability by disrupting the regenerative chatter mechanism and reducing cutting forces due to decreased nonlinear dynamic chip thicknesses. Previous studies on variable pitch cutters have been mainly on investigating vibration suppression and dynamic modelling. There is a lack of efficient and practical variable pitch cutter design methods for practical industrial applications. An analytical method for designing milling cutters with alternating variable pitches has been proposed in this paper. In this method, a new variable, the generic sum of phase difference between the inner and outer waves, has been defined to model the machining dynamics and stability of the variable pitch cutter. The phase difference value has then been investigated to obtain its generic optimal solution to the stability limit considering different cutting conditions. Based on this, the analytical variable pitch cutter design method is derived. The experimental results have manifested that, compared with uniform pitch cutter, the variable pitch cutter, designed using the proposed method, was able to achieve 1) a critical stable axial depth of cut improvement of 126% under the desired spindle speed, 2) a cutting force reduction of 53%, 3) a decrease of 75% and 52% in Sq (the root mean square length of the scale limited surface) and Sz (the maximum height of the scale limited surface) of the machined surfaces respectively. These significant improvements approved the superiority and robustness of the proposed design method for chatter suppression and may promote the application of variable pitch cutter technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32367-32375
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Access
Volume6
Early online date28 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Cutting tools
  • Design methodology
  • Dynamics
  • Manufacturing processes
  • Milling
  • Pitch control
  • Stability
  • Stability criteria
  • Vibration control
  • Vibrations

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