'Ancient crops provide first archaeological signature of the westward Austronesian expansion'

Alison Crowther, Leilani Lucas, Richard Helm, Mark Horton, Ceri Shipton, Henry T Wright, Sarah Walshaw, Matthew Pawlowicz, Chantal Radimilahy, Katerina Douka, Llorenc Picornell-Gelabert, Dorien Q. Fuller, Nicole Boivin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


The Austronesian settlement of the remote island of Madagascar remains one of the great puzzles of Indo-Pacific prehistory. Although linguistic, ethnographic, and genetic evidence points clearly to a colonization of Madagascar by Austronesian language-speaking people from Island Southeast Asia, decades of archaeological research have failed to locate evidence for a Southeast Asian signature in the island’s early material record. Here, we present new archaeobotanical data that show that Southeast Asian settlers brought Asian crops with them when they settled in Africa. These crops provide the first, to our knowledge, reliable archaeological window into the Southeast Asian colonization of Madagascar. They additionally suggest that initial Southeast Asian settlement in Africa was not limited to Madagascar, but also extended to the Comoros. Archaeobotanical data may support a model of indirect Austronesian colonization of Madagascar from the Comoros and/or elsewhere in eastern Africa.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6635-6640
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number24
Early online date31 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2016


  • archaeobotany dispersal Madagascar language rice


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