Existing electrochemical data suggest that under alkaline conditions, Sb(V) sulfide complexes may be stable under conditions as reducing as those found in hydrothermal ore solutions. To assess the nature of Sb(V) complexes in such solutions, X-ray absorption fine structure spectra (EXAFS) of antimony(V) solutions were obtained at temperatures from 25 degrees C to 300 degrees C at pressures corresponding to the liquid-vapour equilibrium curve for H2O. Three solution compositions were considered: Solution A consisted of 0.1 m Sb + 1.15 m Na2S; solution B had the composition of 0.05 m Sb + 0.2 m NaHS + 0.06 m NaOH; and solution C consisted of 0.05 m Sb + 0.2 m NaHS + 0.06 m NaOH + 1 m NaCl. At temperatures <150 degrees C, the inner coordination shell of aqueous Sb(V) contains four sulfur atoms corresponding to the Sb(HS): complex. Above 150 degrees C, SH- ligands are replaced by OH- to form mixed-ligand Sb complexes. Antimony(V) atoms are found in a second coordination shell at temperatures greater than 250 degrees C, indicating the existence of aqueous polyatomic clusters. No antimony(V) chloride complexation was found in the presence of HS-. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Jun 2000|
|Event||Symposium on Direct Observation and Measurement of Hydrothermal Reactions held at the 8th VM Goldschmidt Conference - TOULOUSE, France|
Duration: 30 Aug 1998 → 3 Sep 1998