Aortic centres should represent the standard of care for acute aortic syndrome

Giovanni Mariscalco*, Daniele Maselli, Marco Zanobini, Aamer Ahmed, Vito D. Bruno, Umberto Benedetto, Riccardo Gherli, Tiziano Gherli, Francesco Nicolini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)
341 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Existing evidence suggests that patients affected by acute aortic syndromes (AAS) may benefit from treatment at dedicated specialized aortic centres. The purpose of the present study was to perform a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact aortic service configuration has in clinical outcomes in AAS patients. Methods: The design was a quantitative and qualitative review of observational studies. We searched PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library from inception to the end of December 2017 to identify eligible articles. Areas of interest included hospital and surgeon volume activity, presence of a multidisciplinary thoracic aortic surgery program, and a dedicated on-call aortic team. Participants were patients undergoing repair for AAS, and odds ratios (ORs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were adopted for synthesizing hospital/30-day mortality. Results: A total of 79,131 adult patients from a total of 30 studies were obtained. No randomized studies were identified. Pooled unadjusted ORs showed that patients treated in high-volume centres or by high-volume surgeons were associated with lower mortality rates (OR 0.51; 95% CI 0.46–0.56, and OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.25–0.66, respectively). Pooled adjusted estimates for both high-volume centres and surgeons confirmed these survival benefits (adjusted OR, 0.56; 95% CI 0.45–0.70, respectively). Patients treated in centres that introduced a specific multidisciplinary aortic program and a dedicated on-call aortic team also showed a significant reduction in mortality (OR 0.31; 95% CI 0.19–0.5, and OR 0.37; 95% CI 0.15–0.87, respectively). Conclusions: We found that specialist aortic care improves outcomes and decreases mortality in patients affected by AAS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-14
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Volume25
Issue number1_suppl
Early online date30 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Acute aortic syndrome
  • aortic dissections
  • hospital volume
  • meta-analysis
  • quality of health care
  • surgeon volume

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Aortic centres should represent the standard of care for acute aortic syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this