Apert syndrome: an informative long-term dentofacial outcome

Peter V Fowler*, Shirleen Hallang, Leslie Snape

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

The management of patients with Apert syndrome (AS) is complex and reflects the multisystem disease as a result of premature fusion of cranial vault, cranial base and midface sutures as well as extremity anomalies characterised by syndactyly. Early cranial sutural fusion results in craniocerebral disproportion which can lead to crisis surgical intervention due to raised intracranial pressure, ophthalmic and compromised airway concerns. Childhood inventions are often determined by psychosocial concerns and adult surgical interventions are often determined by cosmetic concerns. Treatments are provided by many different specialists within multidisciplinary teams (MDT). The treatment pathway extends from birth well into adulthood and is often associated with a heavy burden of care. Due to the extensive nature of the interaction with these patients MDT members have opportunities to provide enhanced patient-centred care and support.

This case report provides an overview of the current knowledge of the aetiology of AS, illustrates the pathway of surgical and non-surgical management of AS and provides a long-term review of the dentofacial treatment outcomes.

By having a better understanding of the impact of AS and treatment provided, MDT members can not only provide improved clinical treatment but also offer improved patient experiences for those with craniofacial anomalies, in particular, an increased awareness of the psychosocial challenges they endure.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
JournalBMJ Case Reports
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

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© BMJ Publishing Group Limited 2022. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

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