BACKGROUND: Recent studies of the relationship between the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene and Alzheimer's disease in adults with Down's syndrome have revealed inconsistent results. AIMS: To assess the role of the APOE gene in the manifestation of Alzheimer's disease in adults with Down's syndrome. METHOD: We studied the APOE genotypes of 24 adults with dementia and 33 non-demented adults with Down's syndrome over 35 years of age, and an additional group of 164 non-learning disabled adults. We also carried out a meta-analysis of all previously published studies of association between APOE and Down's syndrome, incorporating the current data. RESULTS: We observed a non-significant excess of APOE epsilon 4 and a reduction of epsilon 2 in adults with dementia compared with non-demented adults with Down's syndrome in our sample. However, meta-analysis showed a significantly higher frequency of epsilon 4 in adults with dementia compared with non-demented adults with Down's syndrome (odds ratio = 2.02, 95% CI 1.33-3.07, P = 0.001), but no significant reduction in the frequency of epsilon 2. CONCLUSIONS: The APOE epsilon 4 allele acts as a risk factor for the age-specific manifestation of Alzheimer's disease in people with Down's syndrome.
|Translated title of the contribution||APOE E4 influences the manifestation of Alzheimer's Dementia in adults with Down's Syndrome|
|Pages (from-to)||468 - 472|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||British Journal of Psychiatry|
|Publication status||Published - May 2000|