APOE/C1/C4/C2 gene cluster genotypes, haplotypes and lipid levels in prospective coronary heart disease risk among UK healthy men

Gie Ken-Dror, Philippa J Talmud, Steve E Humphries, Fotios Drenos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of common APOE variants on plasma lipids, particularly low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels, and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk is well known; the influence of variation in the other nearby apolipoprotein genes APOC1, APOC4 and APOC2 is unclear. This study examines the association between APOE/C1/C4/C2 gene cluster variation using tagging SNPs and plasma lipid concentration along with risk of CHD in a prospective cohort. Genotypes for 11 common APOE/C1/C4/C2 SNPs were determined in 2,767 middle-aged (49 to 64 years) men from the Second Northwick Park Heart Study, with 275 CHD events over a 15-year follow-up period. Seven SNPs showed significant associations with one or more lipid trait in univariate analysis. Multivariate and haplotype analysis showed that the APOE genotypes are most strongly associated with effects on LDL-C and apoB concentration (explaining 3.4% of the LDL-C variance) while the other SNPs in this gene cluster explained an additional 1.2%. Haplotypes in APOC2 and APOC4 were associated with modest effects on HDL-C and apoAI (explaining respectively 1.4% and 1.2%). Carriers of the APOE ɛ2 SNP had a significantly lower risk of CHD hazard ratio (HR) of 0.63 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.42-0.95), as did carriers of the APOC2 SNP rs5127 (HR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.56-0.93), while carriers of APOC1 SNP rs4803770 had higher risk of CHD (HR = 1.36, 95% CI: 1.04-1.78) compared with noncarriers. While the common APOE polymorphism explains the majority of the locus genetic determinants of plasma lipid levels, additional SNPs in the APOC1/C2 region may contribute to CHD risk, but these effects require confirmation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-99
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.)
Volume16
Issue number9-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Apolipoprotein C-I
  • Apolipoprotein C-II
  • Apolipoproteins
  • Apolipoproteins C
  • Apolipoproteins E
  • Coronary Disease
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Great Britain
  • Haplotypes
  • Health
  • Humans
  • Linkage Disequilibrium
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multigene Family
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Prospective Studies
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Factors

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