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Are guidelines for monitoring chronic disease in primary care evidence based?

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

Original languageEnglish
Article numberl2319
Number of pages7
DateAccepted/In press - 22 May 2019
DatePublished (current) - 13 Jun 2019


1.Current UK guidelines for monitoring type 2 diabetes, chronic kidney disease and hypertension are largely based on expert opinion; robust evidence for optimal monitoring strategies and testing intervals is lacking.

2.Unnecessary testing in primary care can lead to false positives and false negatives, increase workload for clinicians, and increase costs for the health service.

3.Patients and healthcare professionals should be aware of these uncertainties, when making shared decisions about chronic disease monitoring.

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    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via BMJ at Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 257 KB, PDF document


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