Are marine protected areas an adaptation measure against climate change impacts on coastal ecosystems? A UK case study

George Hoppit, Daniela N Schmidt*, Margherita Pieraccini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

52 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Climate change is impacting marine seascapes against a backdrop of multiple
anthropogenic stressors. These current impacts are projected to increase in the future with increasing warming, acidification, oxygen loss, and sea level rise. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have been established to protect features in the ocean, traditionally with a focus to reduce fishing pressures and infrastructure placements.
These MPAs are static in nature and are rarely considering climate change; therefore, their potential adaptation effectiveness as local adaptation measures for conservation in response to climate change are not clear. Here we discuss the challenges to Marine Protected Areas as conservation tools and for adaptation to climate change threats.
We use two case studies from the UK to ask how climate change resilience could be included in MPA management to future-proof these conservation measures. We conclude that the resilience of MPAs to climate change would be better supported when adaptive management measures and an ecosystem-based approaches are adopted. We emphasise the need to increase the recognition in the primary legislation of MPAs and the monitoring of sites to better climate change as it becomes more pronounced, and impacts emerge.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100030
Number of pages11
JournalNature based Solutions
Volume2
Early online date8 Sept 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Sept 2022

Structured keywords

  • Centre for Environmental Law and Sustainability

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Are marine protected areas an adaptation measure against climate change impacts on coastal ecosystems? A UK case study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this