Areas of triangles and Beck's theorem in planes over finite fields

Alex Iosevich, Misha Rudnev, Yujia Zhai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
260 Downloads (Pure)


The first main result of this paper establishes that any sufficiently large subset of a plane over the finite field FqFq, namely any set E⊆F2qE⊆Fq2 of cardinality |E| > q, determines at least q−12q−12 distinct areas of triangles. Moreover, one can find such triangles sharing a common base in E, and hence a common vertex. However, we stop short of being able to tell how “typical” an element of E such a vertex may be.

It is also shown that, under a more stringent condition |E| = Ω(q log q), there are at least q − o(q) distinct areas of triangles sharing a common vertex z, this property shared by a positive proportion of z ∈ E. This comes as an application of the second main result of the paper, which is a finite field version of the Beck theorem for large subsets of F2qFq2. Namely, if |E| = Ω(q log q), then a positive proportion of points z ∈ E has a property that there are Ω(q) straight lines incident to z, each supporting, up to constant factors, approximately the expected number |E|q|E|q of points of E, other than z. This is proved by combining combinatorial and Fourier analytic techniques. A counterexample in [14] shows that this cannot be true for every z ∈ E; unless |E|=Ω(q32)|E|=Ω(q32).

We also briefly discuss higher-dimensional implications of these results in light of some recent developments in the literature.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)295-308
Number of pages14
Issue number3
Early online date22 Aug 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015


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