Aspirin reduces cardiovascular events in patients with pneumonia: a prior event rate ratio analysis in a large primary care database

Fergus W Hamilton*, David T Arnold, William Henley, Rupert A Payne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Abstract

Background
Ischaemic stroke and myocardial infarction (MI) are common after pneumonia and are associated with long-term mortality. Aspirin may attenuate this risk and should be explored as a therapeutic option.

Methods
We extracted all patients with pneumonia, aged over 50, from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD), a large UK primary care database, from inception until January 2019. We then performed a prior event rate ratio analysis (PERR) with propensity score matching, an approach that allows for control of measured and unmeasured confounding, with aspirin usage as the exposure, and ischaemic events as the outcome. The primary outcome was the combined outcome of ischaemic stroke and myocardial infarction. Secondary outcomes were ischaemic stroke and myocardial infarction individually. Relevant confounders were included in the analysis (smoking, comorbidities, age, gender).

Findings
48,743 patients were eligible for matching. 8,099 of these were aspirin users who were matched to 8,099 non-users. Aspirin users had a reduced risk of the primary outcome (adjusted hazard ratio, HR 0.64; 95% confidence interval 0.52 - 0.79) in the PERR analysis. For both secondary outcomes, aspirin use was also associated with a reduced risk HR 0.46 (0.30 – 0.72) and HR 0.70 (0.55 – 0.91) for myocardial infarction and stroke respectively).

Interpretation
This study provides supporting evidence that aspirin use is associated with reduced ischaemic events after pneumonia in a primary care setting. This drug may have a future clinical role in preventing this important complication.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 24 Aug 2020

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Aspirin reduces cardiovascular events in patients with pneumonia: a prior event rate ratio analysis in a large primary care database'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this