Assaults, murders and walkers: The impact of violent crime on physical activity

Katharina Marie Janke, Carol Propper, Michael A Shields

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
288 Downloads (Pure)


We investigate an underexplored externality of crime: the impact of violent crime on individuals' participation in walking. For many adults walking is the only regular physical activity. We use a sample of nearly 1 million people in 323 small areas in England between 2005 and 2011 matched to quarterly crime data at the small area level. Within area variation identifies the causal effect of local violent crime on walking and a difference-in-difference analysis of two high-profile crimes corroborates our results. We find a significant deterrent effect of violent crime on walking that translates into a drop in overall physical activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-49
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Health Economics
Early online date20 Jan 2016
Publication statusPublished - May 2016


  • Violent crime
  • Walking
  • Physical activity
  • Externality
  • Local area


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