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Assessing the benefits of Transboundary Protected Areas: A questionnaire survey in the Americas and the Caribbean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-252
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Early online date13 Nov 2014
DateAccepted/In press - 28 Aug 2014
DateE-pub ahead of print - 13 Nov 2014
DatePublished (current) - 1 Feb 2015


There are more than 3000 protected areas (PAs) situated on or near international boundaries, and amongst them there is an increasing trend towards the establishment of transboundary cooperation initiatives. Proponents of Transboundary PAs (TBPAs) highlight the potential for biodiversity protection through spatial, management and socio-economic benefits. However, there have been few formal studies that assess these benefits. It is possible that the relaxation of boundary controls to optimise transboundary connectivity may increase the risk of impacts from invasive species or illegal human incursion. We sought to investigate the validity of these proposed benefits and potential risks through a questionnaire survey of 113 PAs, of which 39 responded and met our inclusion criteria. 82% felt that transboundary cooperation has benefits for biodiversity and, across PAs, the self-reported level of transboundary communication was positively associated with some improved spatial, management and socio-economic benefits. However, 26% of PAs reported that they never communicated with their internationally adjoining protected area, indicating unrealised potential for greater gains.

    Research areas

  • Biodiversity, Caribbean Region, Conservation of Natural Resources, Humans, International Cooperation, Socioeconomic Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires, Protected areas, Transboundary cooperation, Transboundary movement, Conservation management, Ecological economics

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  • McCallum et al 2015 authors preprint

    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Elsevier at

    Accepted author manuscript, 278 KB, PDF document


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