Assessment of hyperacusis in Egyptian patients: Evaluation of the Arabic version of the Khalfa questionnaire

Shabana Mohamed, A El Refaie

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objectives: Hyperacusis appears to be a subjective phenomenon, which is not easily defined or quantified by objective measurements. The primary aim of this work was to evaluate the Arabic version of the Khalfa questionnaire for hyperacusis on a sample of normal hearing Egyptian population complaining of hyperacusis. The secondary aim was to compare the audiological criteria of this group of hyperacusis patients (with or without tinnitus) to a control group of similar age and gender. Study design: The study group comprised of 60 adult patients (age ranged from 19 to 45 years) having within normal hearing sensitivities complaining of hyperacusis with or without tinnitus, and the control group comprised of 20 normal age and gender matched individuals. All patients were subjected to full history taking, pure tone audiogram, immittancemetry, uncomfortable loudness levels and transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE), in addition to the Arabic version of the Khalfa hyperacusis questionnaire. Results and conclusions: Pure tone audiograms showed normal hearing sensitivities, the uncomfortable loudness levels indicated a markedly contracted dynamic range in the hyperacusis group, with the majorty of individuals showing ULL less than 90 dB HL. Hyperacusis patients with tinnitus showed significantly lower TEOAE amplitudes, overall echo level and reproducibility percent than hyperacusis patients without tinnitus and the control group. Hyperacusis patients had higher means of total, attentional, social, and emotional scores of the Khalfa questionnaire compared to the control group. The emotional parameter of the questionnaire had the highest impact on hypraceusis patients. Both the emotional and attentional dimension scores were higher in females, while attentional scores were higher in males. The total and social dimensions were affected by age. We can conclude that the emotional impact of noise exposure was more severe than the attentional and social impact in hyperacusis patients. There was a gender difference evident in the results of the Khalfa questionnaire in hyperacusis patients.
    Translated title of the contributionAssessment of hyperacusis in Egyptian patients: Evaluation of the Arabic version of the Khalfa questionnaire
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAudiological Medicine
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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