Assessment of listing and categorisation of animal diseases within the framework of the Animal Health Law (Regulation (EU) No 2016/429): anthrax

EFSA Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW), Simon More, Anette Bøtner, Andrew Butterworth, Paolo Calistri, Klaus Depner, Sandra Edwards, Bruno Garin-Bastuji, Margaret Good, Christian Gortázar Schmidt, Virginie Michel, Miguel Angel Miranda, Søren Saxmose Nielsen, Mohan Raj, Liisa Sihvonen, Hans Spoolder, Jan Arend Stegeman, Hans-Hermann Thulke, Antonio Velarde, Preben WillebergChristoph Winckler, Francesca Baldinelli, Alessandro Broglia, Sofie Dhollander, Beatriz Beltrán-Beck, Lisa Kohnle, Joana Morgado, Dominique Bicout

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Abstract

Anthrax has been assessed according to the criteria of the Animal Health Law (AHL), in particular criteria of Article 7 on disease profile and impacts, Article 5 on the eligibility of anthrax to be listed, Article 9 for the categorisation of anthrax according to disease prevention and control rules as in Annex IV and Article 8 on the list of animal species related to anthrax. The assessment has been performed following a methodology composed of information collection and compilation, expert judgement on each criterion at individual and, if no consensus was reached before, also at collective level. The output is composed of the categorical answer, and for the questions where no consensus was reached, the different supporting views are reported. Details on the methodology used for this assessment are explained in a separate opinion. According to the assessment performed, anthrax can be considered eligible to be listed for Union intervention as laid down in Article 5(3) of the AHL. The disease would comply with the criteria as in Sections 4 and 5 of Annex IV of the AHL, for the application of the disease prevention and control rules referred to in points (d) and (e) of Article 9(1). The animal species to be listed for anthrax according to Article 8(3) are several species of mammals, birds and reptiles, and susceptible herbivores and pigs as reservoir.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere04958
JournalEFSA Journal
Volume15
Issue number7
Early online date28 Jul 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2017

Bibliographical note

e04958

Keywords

  • impact
  • anthrax,
  • Bacillus anthracis
  • Animal Health Law
  • listing,
  • categorisation,

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