Assessment of physical function following total hip arthroplasty: Inertial sensor based gait analysis is supplementary to patient-reported outcome measures

Stijn Bolink, Erik Lenguerrand, Luke Brunton, Vikki Wylde, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, IC Heyligers, Ashley Blom, B Grimm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
241 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Functional outcome assessment after total hip arthroplasty often involves subjective patient-reported outcome measures whereas analysis of gait is more objective. The study's aims were to compare subjective and objective functional outcomes after total hip arthroplasty between patients with low and high self-reported levels of pre-operative physical function.

METHODS:
Patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (n=36; m/f=18/18; mean age=63.9; SD=9.8 years; BMI=26.3; SD=3.5) were divided into a low and high function subgroup, and prospective measures of WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index) function score and gait were compared at baseline and 3 and 12 months post-operatively.
FINDINGS:
WOMAC function scores significantly improved in both low and high function subgroups at 3 months post-operatively whereas gait parameters only improved in patients with a low pre-operative function. Between 3 and 12 months post-operatively, WOMAC function scores had not significantly further improved whereas several gait parameters significantly improved in the low function group. WOMAC function scores and gait parameters were only moderately correlated (Spearman's r=0.33-0.51).

INTERPRETATION:
In a cohort of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty, pre-operative differences in mean WOMAC function scores and gait parameters between low and high function subgroups disappeared by 3 months post-operatively. Gait parameters only improved significantly during the first 3 post-operative months in patients with a low pre-operative function, highlighting the importance of investigating relative changes rather than the absolute changes and the need to consider patients with high and low functions separately.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-179
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Volume32
Early online date7 Dec 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

Structured keywords

  • Centre for Surgical Research

Keywords

  • Gait
  • Inertial sensor
  • Total hip arthroplasty
  • Outcome assessment
  • PROM
  • WOMAC

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