Association between drug consumption and depression among high school students

Graciela Rojas, Jorge Gaete, Viviana Guajardo*, Vania Martinez, Sergio Barroihlet, Juan Meneses, Rosemarie Fritsch, Ricardo Araya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Abstract

Background: The presence of emotional problems may trigger drug abuse. Aim: To determine the association between illicit drug use and severity of depression symptoms among students of public secondary schools in Santiago, Chile. Material and Methods: A probabilistic sample of 2,597 adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years (45% women), attending first year in public high-schools in Santiago, answered self-report questionnaires about consumption, during the last 30 days,of alcohol, tobacco and marihuana, and the Beck Depression Inventory - II. Logistic regression models were used to study the association between drug use and severity of depression symptoms, adjusting by sex. Results: Tobacco and marihuana use was reported by 38 and 13% of students, respectively. Frequency of consumption was significantly higher among women. Mild, moderate or severe depressive symptoms were found among 16%, 14% and 9% of students, respectively. Depressive symptoms were more common among women. There was a significant association between drug use and severity of depression among participants of both genders. Conclusions: The association between depressive symptoms and drug use should be considered on the design of treatment guidelines for these health problems in Chile. (Rev Med Chile 2012; 140: 184-191).

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)184-191
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Médica de Chile
Volume140
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Alcohol
  • Depression
  • Street drugs
  • SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
  • YOUNG-PEOPLE
  • INVENTORY-II
  • CHILE
  • ADOLESCENCE
  • PREVALENCE
  • ABUSE
  • COMORBIDITY

Cite this

Rojas, G., Gaete, J., Guajardo, V., Martinez, V., Barroihlet, S., Meneses, J., Fritsch, R., & Araya, R. (2012). Association between drug consumption and depression among high school students. Revista Médica de Chile, 140(2), 184-191.