Objective: To assess if severity of hypodontia is related to a specific skeletal pattern.
Study design: Lateral cephalometric radiographs and dental panoramic tomographs of 182 hypodontia patients were analysed. The severity of hypodontia was recorded and the sample was divided into groups with mild (n = 71), moderate (n = 56) and severe (n = 55) hypodontia. According to ethnicity, the sample was further subdivided into White Caucasians, African-British, and Arabian/Indian subgroups. Cephalometric measurements were used to quantify the skeletal discrepancy and vertical facial dimensions. Mean and standard deviation for each group were obtained for comparison and an analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out to assess the level of significance between the means of the readings in different severity groups.
Results: In the white Caucasian group, increased severity of hypodontia, was related to a retrusive maxilla with concomitant reduction of A point, Nasion, B point (ANB), reduced mandibular plane angle and anterior lower facial height (P value: 0.0935-0.9371). For the Black-British and Arabian/Indian groups' findings were inconsistent, with no specific pattern as the number of missing teeth increased.
Conclusion: The white Caucasian group followed a pattern that has previously been reported in other studies. For Black-British and Arabian/Indian groups' findings were inconsistent and no specific pattern emerged for different degrees of hypodontia.
- Journal Article