Association of socioeconomic position with maternal pregnancy and infant health outcomes in birth cohort studies from Brazil and the UK

A Matijasevich, CG Victora, D Lawlor, J Golding, AMB Menezes, CL Araújo, AJD Barros, IS Santos, FC Barros, G Davey Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Socioeconomic inequalities in health outcomes are dynamic and vary over time. Differences between countries can provide useful insights into the causes of health inequalities. The study aims to compare the associations between two measures of socioeconomic position (SEP)—maternal education and family income—and maternal and infant health outcomes between ALSPAC and Pelotas cohorts. Methods: Birth cohort studies were started in Avon, UK, in 1991 (ALSPAC) and in the city of Pelotas, Brazil, in 1982, 1993 and 2004. Maternal outcomes included smoking during pregnancy, caesarean section and delivery not attended by a doctor. Infant outcomes were preterm birth, intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) and breast feeding for
Translated title of the contributionAssociation of socioeconomic position with maternal pregnancy and infant health outcomes in birth cohort studies from Brazil and the UK
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-135
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • socioeconomic factors, health status disparities, cohort studies, pregnancy, infancy, longitudinal studies, social inequalities

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