Associations among genotype, clinical phenotype, and intracellular localization of trafficking proteins in ARC syndrome

Holly Smith, Romain Galmes, Ekaterina Gogolina, Anna Straatman-Iwanowska, Kim Reay, Blerida Banushi, Christopher K Bruce, Andrew R Cullinane, Rene Romero, Richard Chang, Oanez Ackermann, Clarisse Baumann, Hakan Cangul, Fatma Cakmak Celik, Canan Aygun, Richard Coward, Carlo Dionisi-Vici, Barbara Sibbles, Carol Inward, Chong Ae KimJudith Klumperman, A S Knisely, Steven P Watson, Paul Gissen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Arthrogryposis-renal dysfunction-cholestasis (ARC) syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive multisystem disorder caused by mutations in vacuolar protein sorting 33 homologue B (VPS33B) and VPS33B interacting protein, apical-basolateral polarity regulator (VIPAR). Cardinal features of ARC include congenital joint contractures, renal tubular dysfunction, cholestasis, severe failure to thrive, ichthyosis, and a defect in platelet alpha-granule biogenesis. Most patients with ARC do not survive past the first year of life. We report two patients presenting with a mild ARC phenotype, now 5.5 and 3.5 years old. Both patients were compound heterozygotes with the novel VPS33B donor splice-site mutation c.1225+5G>C in common. Immunoblotting and complementary DNA analysis suggest expression of a shorter VPS33B transcript, and cell-based assays show that c.1225+5G>C VPS33B mutant retains some ability to interact with VIPAR (and thus partial wild-type function). This study provides the first evidence of genotype-phenotype correlation in ARC and suggests that VPS33B c.1225+5G>C mutation predicts a mild ARC phenotype. We have established an interactive online database for ARC (https://grenada.lumc.nl/LOVD2/ARC) comprising all known variants in VPS33B and VIPAR. Also included in the database are 15 novel pathogenic variants in VPS33B and five in VIPAR.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHuman Mutation
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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    MRC Award

    Coward , R. J. M.

    1/12/061/12/10

    Project: Research

    Cite this

    Smith, H., Galmes, R., Gogolina, E., Straatman-Iwanowska, A., Reay, K., Banushi, B., Bruce, C. K., Cullinane, A. R., Romero, R., Chang, R., Ackermann, O., Baumann, C., Cangul, H., Cakmak Celik, F., Aygun, C., Coward, R., Dionisi-Vici, C., Sibbles, B., Inward, C., ... Gissen, P. (2012). Associations among genotype, clinical phenotype, and intracellular localization of trafficking proteins in ARC syndrome. Human Mutation. https://doi.org/10.1002/humu.22155