Associations Of Prenatal And Postnatal Growth With Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I Levels In Pre-Adolescence

Ryan Arathimos, Corrie Macdonald-Wallis, Caroline Bull, Jeff M. P. Holly, Emily Oken, Michael S. Kramer, Nina Gusina, Natalia Bogdanovich, Konstatin Vilchuck, Rita Patel, Richard Martin, Kate Tilling

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Background: Rapid pre- and postnatal growth have been associated with later life adverse health outcomes, which could implicate (as a mediator) circulating insulin-like-growth-factor I (IGF-I), an important regulator of growth. We investigated associations of prenatal (birth weight and length) and postnatal growth in infancy and childhood with circulating IGF-I measured at 11.5 years of age.
Methods: We analysed 11.5-year follow-up data from 17,046 Belarusian children who participated in the Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT) since birth.
Results: Complete data were available for 5422 boys and 4743 girls (60%). We stratified the analyses by sex, as there was evidence of interaction between growth and sex in their associations with IGF-I. Weight and length/height velocity during childhood were positively associated with IGF-I at 11.5 years; associations increased with age at growth assessment and
were stronger for length/height gain than for weight gain. The change in internal runnormalized IGF-I z-score at 11.5 years was 0.038 (95% CI -0.004,0.080) per standard deviation (SD) increase in length gain at 0-3 months amongst girls and 0.025 (95% CI - 0.011,0.060) amongst boys, increasing to 0.336 (95% CI 0.281,0.391;) and 0.211 (95% CI 0.165,0.256) for girls and boys, respectively, for growth during 6.5-11.5 years.
Conclusion: Postnatal growth velocities in childhood are positively associated with levels of circulating IGF-I in pre-adolescents. Future studies should focus on assessing whether IGF-I is on the causal pathway between early growth and later health outcomes, such as cancer and diabetes.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages22
Publication statusSubmitted - 8 Sept 2017


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