Methods: We analysed 11.5-year follow-up data from 17,046 Belarusian children who participated in the Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT) since birth.
Results: Complete data were available for 5422 boys and 4743 girls (60%). We stratified the analyses by sex, as there was evidence of interaction between growth and sex in their associations with IGF-I. Weight and length/height velocity during childhood were positively associated with IGF-I at 11.5 years; associations increased with age at growth assessment and
were stronger for length/height gain than for weight gain. The change in internal runnormalized IGF-I z-score at 11.5 years was 0.038 (95% CI -0.004,0.080) per standard deviation (SD) increase in length gain at 0-3 months amongst girls and 0.025 (95% CI - 0.011,0.060) amongst boys, increasing to 0.336 (95% CI 0.281,0.391;) and 0.211 (95% CI 0.165,0.256) for girls and boys, respectively, for growth during 6.5-11.5 years.
Conclusion: Postnatal growth velocities in childhood are positively associated with levels of circulating IGF-I in pre-adolescents. Future studies should focus on assessing whether IGF-I is on the causal pathway between early growth and later health outcomes, such as cancer and diabetes.
|Number of pages||22|
|Publication status||Submitted - 8 Sep 2017|