Atomic scale models of dislocation cores in minerals: progress and prospects

AM Walker, P Carrez, P Cordier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
491 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Recent advances in computer simulation at the atomic scale have made it possible to probe the structure and behaviour of the cores of dislocations in minerals. Such simulation offers the possibility of understanding and predicting the dislocation-mediated properties of minerals such as mechanisms of plastic deformation, pipe diffusion and crystal growth. In this review the three major methods available for the simulation of dislocation cores are described and compared. The methods are: (i) Cluster based models which combine continuum elastic theory of the extended crystal with an atomistic model of the core. (ii) Dipole models which seek to cancel the long-range elastic displacement caused by the dislocation by arranging for the simulation to contain several dislocations with zero net Burgers vector, thus allowing a fully periodic super-cell calculation. (iii) The Peierls-Nabarro approach which attempts to recast the problem so that it can be solved using only continuum based methods, but parameterizes the model using results from atomic scale calculations. The strengths of these methods are compared and illustrated by some of the recent studies of dislocations in mantle silicate minerals. Some of the outstanding unresolved problems in the field are discussed.
Translated title of the contributionAtomic scale models of dislocation cores in minerals: progress and prospects
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381 - 413
Number of pages33
JournalMineralogical Magazine
Volume74
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

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