Attachment style differences in the processing of attachment-relevant information: primed-style effects on recall, interpersonal expectations, and affect

ACM Rowe, KB Carnelley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

101 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study explored processing biases resulting from manipulating the temporal accessibility of relational schemas. By priming relational schemas, relationship–specific attachment styles were activated and their biasing effect on relevant information processing (namely recall for attachment–relevant words versus other words, interpersonal expectations, and affect) was examined. It was found that participants primed with a secure–style relational schema recalled more positive attachment words than those primed with an avoidant style. Although pre–priming endorsements of interpersonal expectations were influenced by global attachment style, once primed, participants showed primed–style–congruent responses. That is, primed secures showed higher endorsement of positive and lower endorsement of negative interpersonal expectations relative to the other primed style groups. Finally, primed secures reported more positive and less negative affect than the other primed style groups. Implications for understanding the way differential attachment experiences influence close relationships through life are considered.
Translated title of the contributionAttachment style differences in the processing of attachment-relevant information: primed-style effects on recall, interpersonal expectations, and affect
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59 - 75
Number of pages17
JournalPersonal Relationships
Volume10 (1)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2003

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Blackwell

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