Bar and hinge models for scalable analysis of origami

Evgueni Filipov, K Liu, Tomohiro Tachi, Mark Schenk, Glaucio H Paulino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

184 Citations (Scopus)
471 Downloads (Pure)


Thin sheets assembled into three dimensional folding origami can have various applications from reconfigurable architectural structures to metamaterials with tunable properties. Simulating the elastic stiffness and estimating deformed shapes of these systems is important for conceptualizing and designing practical engineering structures. In this paper, we improve, verify, and test a simplied bar and hinge model that can simulate essential behaviors of origami. The model simulates three distinct behaviors: stretching and shearing of thin sheet panels; bending of the initially at panels; and bending along prescribed fold lines. The model is simple and efficient, yet it can provide realistic representation of stiffness characteristics and deformed shapes of origami structures. The simplicity of this model makes it well suited for the origami engineering community, and its effciency makes it suitable for design problems such as optimization and parametrization of geometric origami variations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-45
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Early online date12 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017


  • origami analysis
  • bar and hinge model
  • scalable model
  • analysis of thin sheet structures


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