Bayesian methods for meta-analysis of causal relationships estimated using genetic instrumental variables

Stephen Burgess, Simon G Thompson, G Andrews, N J Samani, P Whincup, D A Lawlor, G Davey Smith, N Timpson, S Ebrahim, Y Ben-Shlomo, G Davey Smith, N Timpson, M Brown, M Sandhu, A Reiner, B Psaty, L Lange, J Hung, J Beilby, L J PalmerC Wu, M Kumari, R Collins, H Watkins, R Clarke, J Hopewell, J Shepherd, Y Ben-Shlomo, G Davey Smith, N Timpson, M Kumari, Debbie A Lawlor, George Davey Smith, R Collins, G Davey Smith, D A Lawlor, J Bowden, S Burgess, T Shah, CRP CHD Genetics Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genetic markers can be used as instrumental variables, in an analogous way to randomization in a clinical trial, to estimate the causal relationship between a phenotype and an outcome variable. Our purpose is to extend the existing methods for such Mendelian randomization studies to the context of multiple genetic markers measured in multiple studies, based on the analysis of individual participant data. First, for a single genetic marker in one study, we show that the usual ratio of coefficients approach can be reformulated as a regression with heterogeneous error in the explanatory variable. This can be implemented using a Bayesian approach, which is next extended to include multiple genetic markers. We then propose a hierarchical model for undertaking a meta-analysis of multiple studies, in which it is not necessary that the same genetic markers are measured in each study. This provides an overall estimate of the causal relationship between the phenotype and the outcome, and an assessment of its heterogeneity across studies. As an example, we estimate the causal relationship of blood concentrations of C-reactive protein on fibrinogen levels using data from 11 studies. These methods provide a flexible framework for efficient estimation of causal relationships derived from multiple studies. Issues discussed include weak instrument bias, analysis of binary outcome data such as disease risk, missing genetic data, and the use of haplotypes.
Translated title of the contributionBayesian methods for meta-analysis of causal relationships estimated using genetic instrumental variables
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1298-1311
Number of pages13
JournalStatistics in Medicine
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

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