Bayesian sensitivity analysis of flight parameters in the development of a hard landing indication system

P. Sartor*, W. Becker, K. Worden, D. Bond, W. Staszewski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

2 Citations (Scopus)


A Flight Parameter Sensor Simulation (FPSS) model has been developed to assess the conservatism of the landing gear loads calculated using a hard landing analysis process. Conservatism exists due to factors of safety that are added to the hard landing analysis process to account for uncertainty in the measurement of certain flight parameters. The FPSS model consists of: (1) an aircraft and landing gear dynamic model to determine the 'actual' landing gear loads during a hard landing; (2) an aircraft sensor and data acquisition model to represent the aircraft sensors and flight data recorder (FDR) systems to investigate the effect of signal processing on the flight parameters; (3) an automated hard landing analysis process, representative of that used by airframe and equipment manufacturers, to determine the 'simulated' landing gear loads. Using a technique of Bayesian sensitivity analysis, a number of flight parameters are varied in the FPSS model to gain an understanding of the sensitivity of the difference between 'actual' and 'simulated' loads to the individual flight parameters. A demonstration of this technique is provided with the following flight parameters: aircraft pitch angle, ground speed, vertical descent velocity and tyre-runway friction coefficient. This demonstration shows that the friction coefficient and vertical descent velocity and their interactions have the greatest contribution to the difference between the 'actual' and 'simulated' spin-up drag dynamic response loads.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 5th European Workshop - Structural Health Monitoring 2010
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010
Event5th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring 2010 - Naples, Italy
Duration: 28 Jun 20104 Jul 2010


Conference5th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring 2010


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