Attempts to understand the fundamental forces shaping conflict between attacking and defending groups can be hampered by a narrow focus on humans and reductionist, oversimplified modelling. Further progress depends on recognising the striking parallels in between-group conflict across the animal kingdom, harnessing the power of experimental tests in nonhuman species and modelling the eco-evolutionary feedbacks that drive attack and defence.
- Biological Evolution
Radford, A. N., Schindler, S., & Fawcett, T. W. (2019). Between-group attack and defence in an ecological setting: Insights from nonhuman animals. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 42, [e137]. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X19000773